Top 13 Backend Frameworks for Seamless Web Development

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Backend Frameworks

Backend frameworks are great tools for any developer working on a software development project. Without them, it would take a lot of time, resources, and manpower to develop any IT product. There has been a constant technological evolution in the software and web development landscape, from microservice architecture to agile and scrum methodology, rapid prototyping, and much more. 

Backend web frameworks have witnessed a significant rise in popularity as we navigate through an era of digital dependence. Top backend frameworks like Node.js, Django, Spring, and Express are handy tools for developing server-side databases, logic, and infrastructure.

Other applications of these frameworks include enabling web applications to handle HTTP requests and responses, database queries, API communication, database processing, and prototyping. These tasks are carried out effectively and efficiently with the help of these tools, contrary to traditional methods of server-side development.

Advantages and Important Aspects of Choosing a Backend Framework

Ask any developer, and they will tell you how important backend development is to web development. Without backend development, one cannot use the internet for their software. 

Backend development is a critical component of web development, and it comes with several advantages that contribute to the overall success and functionality of web applications. Here are some key advantages of backend development:

Data Management

Extracting and managing copious amounts of data are huge parts of backend development. Backend developers design and integrate data storage infrastructure, which further allows efficient storage, retrieval, and manipulation of data. This promises data security and integrity to the software and website users.

Server-Side Logic

Another important component of backend development is server-end logic. Developers write intuitive server-side rendering that handles the business logic of an application. These codes can take frontend requests, interact with databases, and determine how the application responds.

Scalability

When the back end of an application is designed thoughtfully with scalability in mind, it becomes easier for any application to accommodate expansion, increased traffic, and growth. This involves optimizing server configurations and choosing appropriate technologies.

Performance Optimization

Skilled backend developers also help optimize server-side code and database queries, ensuring fast response times. Performance optimization further improves user experience and page load time.

Cross-Platform Compatibility

At the backend development stage, an application is compatible with various platforms and devices. When done right, the application is made available to a larger audience by being compatible with multiple devices and platforms.

Integration with Third-Party Services

Easy integration of third-party services and APIs into the application is another big advantage of the backend frameworks. This allows the application to leverage external functionalities and data sources.

Error Handling and Logging

Backend developers implement robust error-handling mechanisms to identify and address issues in the server-side code. Logging functionalities help track and analyze errors for continuous improvement.

Backend development is integral to the overall success of a web application, providing the foundation for data management, security, performance, and integration with other services. Efficient backend development is essential for creating robust and scalable web solutions.

13 Popular Backend Frameworks for 2024

  • Angular
  • Django
  • Laravel
  • Ruby On Rails
  • Node.Js
  • ASP.NET
  • Flask
  • Spring+SpringBoot
  • Phoenix
  • Express Js
  • Codelgniter
  • CakePHP
  • Meteor

These are 13 of the most popular backend frameworks in the market that are all set to make waves in 2024. Let us have a look at them in detail.

Angular

angular

Angular tops our list of leading web development frameworks for many reasons. Although Angular is popularly used as a front-end framework specializing in building single-page applications, it is also an excellent framework for backend development. Angular was developed by Google and leading applications such as Google, Microsoft and Paypal have used it for their web applications. 

Key Features of Angular Backend Frameworks include:

  • Angular sets itself apart with an efficient two-way data binding system. The system comprises two layers – the View and the Model Layer which are interacting with each other.
  • Angular is a low code framework which means no separate code is required for the MVC layers.
  • The Angular CLI follows the industry-best practices for backend and frontend development with build-in features SCSS support or routing.                         

Django

django

An open-source web framework, Django is a common name amongst web developers. It is written in Python and has a model-view-controller architectural pattern. The websites created with Django in the back end are known for the site’s structural integrity and high performance.

Benefits of Django are:

  • Effective for prototyping and MVPs, Django is time-efficient and cost-effective. This makes it ideal for small and medium enterprises(SMEs)
  • Code reusability in Django makes scaling up web projects with growing traffic easier.
  • Django is flexible- it is a platform framework that is compatible with most databases.
  • The framework also offers integrated web app security features like SQL injection protection, XSS protection, password hashing, and more.

Laravel 

laravel

As a preferred PHP framework, Laravel is known for its convenient syntax and robust features. Its Model View Controller(MVC) architectural design facilitates the organizational workflows and code maintenance.

Laravel offers many unique features and benefits, such as 

  • Artisan Console: A powerful command-line tool, Artisan helps developers perform various tasks such as database migrations, seeding databases, generating boilerplate code, and more, making it easier to manage applications.
  • Clean Syntax: Laravel’s clean and consistent APIs help developers write easy-to-maintain code.
  • ORM(Object-Relational Mapping): Laravel offers an elegant and intuitive ORM that simplifies database interactions. Developers can work with databases using expressive, fluent syntax and effortlessly leverage relationships between database tables.
  • Simple Routing System: Laravel’s routing system is simple and expressive. It allows developers to define clean and SEO-friendly URLs for their applications, making organizing and maintaining routes easier.
  • Dependency Injection and IoC Containers: Modularity is another feature delivered by Laravel, supported by dependency injections, making it easy to manage class dependencies and promote modular, testable code. 

Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails is a popular backend framework focusing on convention over configuration. Like Laravel, Ruby on Rail also follows the Model-View-Controller architectural pattern, which is apt for delivering efficiency. Developers prefer ruby on Rails for better productivity, code management, convenient coding, and more.

Here are a few features and benefits that Ruby on Rails delivers:

  • Developer Productivity: Ruby on Rails’ intuitive design reduces the amount of boilerplate code required to be written, further increasing developers’ productivity.
  • ActiveRecord ORM: Rails’ very own ORM framework by the name of active Record has been a popular feature of this framework. Active Record provides a convenient way to interact with Ruby code, eliminating the need to write SQL queries directly. 
  • Scaffolding and Ruby Gems: Ruby on Rails allows developers to generate a basic set of files and code for a new resource, such as a model, controller, and views. This is the framework’s scaffolding feature, which provides customization opportunities. RubyGems is a package manager for the framework, which makes it easy to integrate third-party libraries and extend the functionality of Rails applications.
  • Strong community is also a big benefit of working on Ruby on Rails. There is constant improvement within the framework driven by experts and contributors from its community.

Ruby on Rails is a powerful, developer-friendly framework that prioritizes convention, simplicity, and rapid development. It has been used to build various successful web applications and remains a popular choice for startups and established companies.

Node.Js

Node.Js

Unlike Laravel and Ruby on Rails, Node.JS is a JavaScript runtime built on Chrome’s JavaScript engine. Although it has many frameworks and libraries built on top of it for server-side development, Node.JS is majorly used for backend development.

Here are some benefits of using Node.js for backend development:

  • Flexibility: One of the primary advantages of Node.js is that it enables developers to use JavaScript for both frontend and backend development. This provides code reusability and a smooth transition between different platforms.
  • Non-blocking I/O: The Node.Js framework is built on an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model. In layman’s language, it can handle many concurrent connections simultaneously without waiting for one operation to complete before moving on to the next, thus improving the application’s performance built with the framework.
  • Large Package Ecosystem: Node.js has a rich ecosystem of packages and modules available through the Node Package Manager (NPM). Developers can easily find and integrate third-party libraries, frameworks, and tools to enhance their development process and add to application functionality.
  • Real-time Capabilities: Node.js is well-suited for building real-time applications like chat applications, online gaming, and collaborative tools. Its non-blocking I/O and event-driven, web application architecture efficiently handle multiple concurrent connections, making it a popular choice for building WebSocket-based applications.

It’s important to note that while Node.js is widely used and has many benefits, the choice of backend technology depends on the project’s specific requirements and the development team’s preferences.                                     

ASP.NET

asp.net mvc

Microsoft launched ASP.NET in January 2002, and it has been gaining popularity ever since. The framework is used to build modern-day web applications. Its integrated set of tools and libraries comes in handy for web development.

Furthermore, the framework ensures seamless integration of these applications within the Microsoft ecosystem, including Azure services, SQL server, and Studio IDE. Other benefits of using ASP.NET include:

  • ASP.NET provides a rich set of server-side controls, including text boxes, buttons, and grids, which help create user-friendly interfaces for the web.
  • ASP.NET Core: ASP.NET Core is the cross-platform, open-source version of ASP.NET. It allows developers to build and run Windows, macOS, and Linux applications. 
  • It has built-in authentication and authorization mechanisms, thus providing security to the application in the long run.              

Flask

flask

Another excellent lightweight and versatile web framework based on Python is Flask. Flask is known for its ease of use and simplicity. It is also referred to as a “micro-framework,” given its simple and minimalistic approach to web development. There are many advantages to choosing a flask to build web applications. Some of them are as follows:

  • Ease of Learning and Use: Flask is known for its simplicity, making it one of the easiest frameworks for developing web applications. Its clear API is a boon for web developers.
  • Modularity: Flask follows a modular design, allowing developers to choose and use only the necessary components. Developers can also integrate third-party tools and libraries according to their needs.
  • Flask uses the Jinja2 templating engine, providing a powerful and flexible way to render HTML and other dynamic content. 
  • The framework uses a built-in development server crucial in quick tests and iterations of their applications during development. 

Spring + SpringBoot

spring boot

Last but not least, Spring + SpringBoot are also great backend frameworks for web development, which cannot be overlooked. These Java-based frameworks provide a robust and comprehensive approach to building websites for large companies.

Advantages of choosing Spring and SpringBoot frameworks for backend development include:

  • The framework has a modular structure and is very popular with developers. This feature ensures organization within the development process.
  • Dependency Injection (DI): Spring eases dependency injection, reducing tight coupling between components. This encourages easier unit testing and improves code maintainability. In SpringBoot, Spring Boot Actuator provides production-ready features to monitor and manage applications. It exposes endpoints for metrics, health checks, and application information, offering insights into the application’s runtime behavior.
  • Security: Spring Security is a powerful, customizable authentication and access control framework. It provides user authentication, authorization, and protection against common security vulnerabilities.                                

Phoenix

phonis framework

Another excellent backend web development framework is Phoenix. It is not for a simple coding environment with fewer moving components. The framework provides an intuitive platform to develop APIs, provide web services, develop HTML5 apps and more.

Phoenix framework is especially designed for using the Elixir programming language and is known for increasing web page load time to increase by 2 times while saving up to 90% data. This comes handy especially when browsing on slow networks.

Here are few features and advantages of the framework which helps it gain competitive advantage over its peers.

  • Performance: Phoenix is a framework built on top of the Erlang Virtual Machine (BEAM), which is designed for concurrent, distributed, and fault-tolerant applications. This makes Phoenix well-suited for building real-time and high-traffic applications.
  • Concurrency: Phoenix takes advantage of Elixir’s lightweight processes to handle simultaneous connections efficiently.
  • Real time web: Phoenix is built with support channels for WebSockets. This is a great feature for developers looking to build real time features.
  • Elixir Language: Elixir programming language is one of the most developer-friendly syntax and functional programming features. Its pattern Matching, immutability and various other functionalities help write clean and maintainable code.

Express Js

express js

Express.js, is another back end web application framework for building RESTful APIs with Node.Js, released as free and open source software under MIT license. It is designed for building web applications and APIs. Phoenix is also popular for its simplicity and flexibility. 

Here are some of the benefits and features of Express.js:

  • Minimalistic and opinionated: Express is designed to be minimalistic and opinionated, allowing developers the flexibility to add on features as per requirements.
  • Middleware: Express uses middleware which makes it easy to customize an application. This further adds modularity to the framework.
  • Routing: The framework’s routing systems is another advantage of using the platform. Its HTTP methods and URL patterns can handle multiple types of requests.
  • Big community: Express.js is one of the most popular Node.js frameworks and widely adopted. The entire community contributes to improving the framework actively.                

Codelgniter

codeigniter

CodeIgniter is an open-source PHP web application framework that developers often prefer for its simplicity, flexibility, and lightweight interface. Although based on MVC architectural pattern, codeigniter can also be modified to use Hierarchical Model View Controller(HMVC) which allows the developers to maintain modularity within the code. 

Here are some of the benefits and features of CodeIgniter:

  • The framework is lightweight and fast. Its small footprint means that the applications built on the framework are easy to install and deploy and require minimal configuration.
  • Codeligniter is one of the easiest frameworks to install and can be accessed by software engineers with all levels of expertise. 
  • CodeIgniter comes with a built-in Active Record implementation, which provides an intuitive and flexible way to interact with databases. 
  • CodeIgniter comes with a variety of built-in libraries and is an all in one framework thus reducing the need for third party integrations.

CakePHP

cake php

CakePHP is a backend framework written in PHP, designed on a concept similar to Ruby on Rails and is distributed under MIT license. The framework supports multiple languages and offers adaptable capabilities that are required to build dynamic websites. CakePHP development frameworks have a huge range of collections of predefined libraries which helps developers build dynamic websites with ease.

Some of the advantages of using CakePHP in backend of web development are:

  • No installation required. Cake PHP is an open source which means developers don’t require a prerequisite to download or install CakePHP to their systems.
  • Cake PHP comes with the built-in ecosystem that covers the many components, plugins, and extensions. This ecosystem is a development haven for developers as it reduces the need for third party integrations.
  • Another advantage of the framework is smart testing and debugging. Cake PHP allows developers to use the smart debugging features and even preview before it is deployed for intended audiences.                 

Meteor

meteor

Last on the list of reliable backend frameworks is Meteor. Meteor is primarily used for creating quick prototypes used for building and deploying web, mobile and desktop applications with JavaScript. Well known SMEs like Honeywell and Ikea are implementing Meteor for backend development of reactive web, mobile and desktop applications. Meteor also makes it possible to launch an MVP web development in only 3 or 4 weeks (depending on the project scope, of course).

Meteor’s advantages include:

  • Convenience
  • Reactive UI
  • Simple deployment 
  • Extensibility
  • Popularity
  • Low learning curve

Final Thoughts on Backend Frameworks

Many enterprises are realizing the importance of superior web development and its long-term benefits. However, with a market saturated with multiple backend frameworks, choosing the right backend framework for a project is difficult. This is where OpenXcell steps in with its reliable web development, custom web development services and consultation services. The company is well-versed in consulting businesses for various web and software development projects and has a rich portfolio of successful projects.

Choose right backend framework

FAQs on Backend Frameworks

Which factors should be considered when choosing a backend framework?

Here are few factors to keep in mind when selecting the right backend framework:

  • Functionality, Features and advantages
  • Scalability
  • Performance
  • Security
  • Development Speed
  • Community and Support
  • Cost and Licensing fees

What is the simplest backend framework?

There are several web development frameworks that are considered as simple to use. Some of these are Angular Js, Flask, Django, Meteor, Express etc. 

Do backend frameworks enhance the security of business software applications?

Yes, choosing the right framework is crucial in providing security. Frameworks provide the right security tools such as server side authentication,  encryptions and more. It protects the integrity of the code and protects it from outside cyber threats.

Can Backend Frameworks be customized to meet specific project requirements?

Yes. Experienced developers can customize backend frameworks to meet their needs and project requirements.

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author
Samragyi Chamoli
AUTHOR

Zealous, enthusiastic, and consistent, Samragyi is an ardent reader and an experienced writer. She loves animals and adventure.

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