Mobile App Frameworks - Overview
What is a Mobile App Framework?
Why Use Frameworks For Mobile App Development?
- Top 10 Mobile App Frameworks For Techies in 2021 and Beyond
FAQs - Mobile App Development Frameworks
Mobile App Frameworks – Overview
The vital nature of technology is an innovation that brings a revolution for the techies. The mobile app industry is an excellent instance of such a revolution. When we talk about mobile apps, the selection of mobile app frameworks is the most essential thing. The majority of the companies are switching from websites to mobile apps which increases competition in the mobile app world.
As the standard of mobile apps is accelerating so does the usability and demand for Mobile App Frameworks. In this competitive phase selection of the right framework along with an apt platform and development strategy is pivotal.
In this article, we will go through the top 10 mobile app development frameworks of 2021 that would help mobile app developers in creating a stunning mobile app.
What is a Mobile App Framework?
Mobile app frameworks is a software library that provides an essential structure to support the development of apps for a specific environment. The mobile app frameworks act as skeletal support to build an app. The frameworks lessen the effort that the mobile app developer puts in by offering inbuilt tools, escalating productivity, and technology solutions to work on the coding part.
The mobile app frameworks can be of three different categories such as native frameworks for platform-specific development, mobile web app frameworks, and hybrid apps, which consists combine the features of both native and mobile web app frameworks.
Why Use Frameworks For Mobile App Development?
- Frameworks allow reusability of code and design.
- The encapsulation feature of frameworks provides simplicity which helps in providing data security.
- Capable of customizing the framework for the implementation of business requirements.
- The predefined interplay between various classes forms a template to reduce the development effort.
Top 10 Mobile App Frameworks For Techies in 2021 and Beyond
1. React Native
React Native is the competitor of Native Scripts and Xamarin in the world of mobile app frameworks. It is used by Instagram, Walmart, Airbnb, Tesla, and many more companies like them. Some of the top apps using React Native are Instagram, Messenger, Skype, and Amazon Prime Videos.
Features of React Native
- Supports third-party library
- Development time is short
- Strong community support
- Write once and use it everywhere
Benefits of React Native
- Modular Architecture
- Optimal Performance
- Support for Third-Party Plugins
Flutter is one of the best hybrid mobile app development frameworks.
Flutter uses 2D rendering engine known as Skia to create visuals. These visuals are made to look like Cupertino style widgets and Material Design. The framework allows ease of testing to developers without restarting the project when an error occurs.
Flutter is a framework backed by Google which gives it a huge advantage since the reputation of Google products has always been outstanding.
Using Flutter, you can build cross-platform apps for iOS and Android that can run on any device. It uses Dart as its programming language.
The integration of Dart 2.2 & Flutter 1.2 is the major update by Flutter. Flutter 1.2 especially focusses on improving the performance of AOT-compiled code and improving AOT performance with the help of Dart language.
Flutter is the framework behind developing apps like Alibaba, AppTree, Google Ads, Reflectly, Google Greentea, Tencent, Bitfolio.
Features of Flutter
- Huge widget library
- One-stop solution for app development
- Integration, scalability, and flexibility capabilities
- Native performance
Benefits of Flutter
- Supports cross-platform mobile app development
- Reduces time for business logic and Flutter UI framework
- Lightning-fast speed
- Expressive & Flexible UI
- Flutter has light-weight components
Ionic is one of the most widely used frameworks for the development of mobile apps that is free and open-source.
Ionic enables mobile app developers to use one codebase to build apps for various platforms. The Ionic-built apps have crossed the total number of 4 million. The Ionic framework is highly prevalent in many distinct industries. Recent studies indicate that the highest amount of usage of Ionic across the globe by websites is in the United States.
The integration of Ionic with Firebase, Identity Vault, and SQLite provides authentication and security to mobile apps.
Some of the popular progressive apps built using the Ionic framework are MarketWatch, Pacifica, Sworkit, JustMatch, Joule, McDonald’s Turkiye, ChefSteps, Untappd, and Diesel.
Features of Ionic
- Open-source framework
- Big support community
- Feel-factor is native-like
Benefits of Ionic
- Cross-platform app development
- User Interface
- Easy to adopt
- Cordova Plugins
Xamarin is a Microsoft supported framework. App developers use Xamarin to create apps for Android, iOS, and windows with the help of C# codebase. These codes are shareable across multiple platforms including Windows and Mac OS.
It is a framework for mobile app development that saves time for developers by allowing them to code fast. Since Xamarin allows the benefit of code sharing, the developers can save a lot of their time. Some of the best apps built using Xamarin are Story, Just Giving, The World Bank, Olo, Insightly, and FreshDirect.
Features of Xamarin
- Google emulator manager
- Application loader
- Android SDK manager
- Visual Studio integration
- Custom controls
Benefits of Xamarin
- Less Complex Development Environment
- Xamarin framework overcomes the limitations of hybrid apps
- This framework performs CPU-intensive tasks 22X faster than hybrid HTML
- Xamarin SDK is more updated and stable
- Complete development ecosystem.
Swiftic is a framework for creating mobile apps for the iOS platform. Swiftic provides an easily navigable interface to mobile app developers. This framework is a convenient option as it offers a 30 days money-back guarantee option. Besides this, Swiftic also offers a 6-month success guarantee scheme.
Swiftic is the best framework when it comes to developing applications for businesses like restaurants, retail & commerce, and health & beauty.
Advantages of Swiftic
- Affordable to develop a mobile app
- Offers great app development process
- Best framework to create small business apps
Features of Swiftic
- In-app Coupons
- Easy Communication
- App Publication Assistance
- Third-party Integration
- Customer Engagement
6. Adobe PhoneGap
The apps by Adobe PhoneGap ensures not only high-quality performance but also allows mobile app developers to develop apps without any hardware limitations. PhoneGap can develop apps for Windows, Blackberry, Mac OS, Ubuntu, and Firefox OS. The developers can also extend the functionality of this framework by adding plugins that are associated with it. With PhoneGap, the developers need to upload the codes, and the tool automatically compiles the code for them.
The apps developed by using PhoneGap are Paylution, The DHS Program, HealthTap, Wikipedia, and TripCase.
Features of PhoneGap
- The strong and robust backend system
- Offers flexibility
- Open-source platform
Benefits of Adobe PhoneGap
- Uniformity across platform
- Supports smartphone mainstays
7. Ruby on Rails
Rails is a Model-View-Controller framework that uses Ruby. It is an open-source and full-stack framework optimized for programmers. It is one of the most popular frameworks among mobile app developers. GitHub, Airbnb, Shopify, and Hulu use Rails.
Ruby on Rails framework is a beginner-friendly framework that helps mobile app developers in starting web development quite quickly.
There are many valuable gems for Ruby on Rails, which are library-like dependencies that extend the functionalities of your app. It also helps you in developing an app even faster and more efficiently. The latest version of Ruby On Rails 6.0 has come up with some interesting features like Action Mailbox, Action Text, Parallel Testing, Action Pack, and Action Cable.
The community of Rails is quite reliable and friendly, and there are many screencasts, tutorials, and resources that can help one in becoming a rails expert in no time.
Features of Ruby on Rails
- Keyword Arguments
- Action view, mailer, and cable.
- Render from anywhere
- Symbol garbage collector
Benefits Of Ruby on Rails
- Large Community
- Test Automation
- Code Quality
- Responsible Developers
8. Corona SDK
Corona SDK is ten times faster in developing an app than any other mobile app development framework. The Corona backend is supported by Lua which is a light-weight programming language that focuses mainly on speed, flexibility, and ease of usage.
Corona SDK is a framework for mobile app development that helps the developers who wish to code quickly and still maintain the quality of apps. Moreover, it is also a free and cross-platform framework.
Being the fastest mobile app development framework, using it in developing games is very appropriate. Some of the best gaming apps built using this framework are Zip Zap, I Love Hue, Fun Run 2, The Lost City, Mandora, Egg Baby, and Draw Rider Plus.
Features of Corona SDK
- More than 1000 API’s and plugins
- Cross-platform development
- Availability of Corona Marketplace
Benefits Of Corona SDK
- Single codebase
- Quicker Monetization
- Importance on design
- Plugins for all the needs
- Dominant APIs
- Lua programming
- Rights to a source code
Django, a high-level Python Web framework supports rapid development and efficient design.
Experienced developers built apps using Django and take care of much of the hassle of Web development. One can focus on writing an app without needing to reinvent the wheel. It is a free and open-source framework.
Django takes care of user authentication, site maps, content administration, and RSS feeds. The user authentication system of Django provides a secure way to manage user accounts and passwords.
The business sector makes the highest use of the Django framework, says a survey by similar tech.
Features of Django
- Python Web-framework
- High Scalability
- Excellent documentation
- Offers high security
- Provides rapid development
Benefits Of Django
- Free and Open-source.
- Django helps developers to take apps from concept to completion.
- It is fast, secure, and scalable.
- Django is reassuringly secure.
10. jQuery Mobile
JQuery Mobile is an HTML5-based user interface system that enables mobile app developers to build highly responsive applications. This framework follows the “write less, read more” mantra. JQuery has ThemeRoller that has great customizable themes to offer.
JQuery Mobile is compatible with other mobile app frameworks and also platforms like PhoneGap.
Advantages of JQuery Mobile
- Easy to learn and develop apps
- Cross-browser and cross-platform compatible
- Create the custom theme using ThemeRoller
Features of JQuery Mobile
- Lightweight size
- Automated Initialization
- Simple API
- Powerful Theming Framework
- Configured with HTML5
11. Native Scripts
Native Script is a framework for the development of hybrid apps. A Bulgaria based software company, Telerik is a creator and supporter of this framework.
Native Script is a framework that follows a holistic approach. Once you write code, it will be running smoothly across all 3 platforms. With Native Script, you have complete access to all iOS and Android APIs.
Features of Native Script
- Ease authentication with different sign-on providers
- More than one frame in an app
- Use Webpack and LiveSync simultaneously
- Modal dialog
Benefits Of Native Scripts
- Cross-platform is the strength
- Faster access to Native libraries
- Open-source development ecosystem
12. Appcelerator Titanium
There are around 70k mobile apps developed using the Appcelerator Titanium framework. The 70 to 80% of the code created by this framework can be reused across various apps.
Benefits of Appcelerator Titanium
- Rapid Prototyping
- Growing Community
Features of Appcelerator Titanium
- MVC-based framework Alloy
- UI components like dialog boxes, menus, and navigation bars.
13. Mobile Angular UI
The Mobile Angular UI is a framework that helps in developing mobile apps by combining the features of the Angular and Bootstrap framework.
Mobile Angular UI simplifies the process of development, and you can build the apps using HTML5. The mobile app developers can also make use of fastclick.js and overthrow.js offering a seamless experience.
This framework gives good server-side support and supports complex apps with ease. It is a free framework.
Features of Mobile Angular UI
- Scrollable Areas
- Toggle Switch
- Modal and Overlays
Benefits Of Mobile Angular UI
- Excellently styled default controls
- It provides mobile components not found in Bootstrap.
The mobile app frameworks are the essential driving tools for building any mobile or web application. With plenty of mobile app frameworks in the market, the selection of a framework entirely depends on developers’ priorities and familiarity with a specific framework. 2021 is estimated to get exposure to various mobile app frameworks that can aid the Mobile App Development Company in their workings. The mobile app companies can consider all the above-listed frameworks while working on their next app development project.
FAQs – Mobile App Development Frameworks
The mobile app development framework is a library created to help mobile app developers in building robust apps. Frameworks provide a fundamental structure that not only supports mobile app development but also boosts the process.
Some of the best mobile app development frameworks are React Native, Flutter, Ionic, Xamarin, and Adobe PhoneGap. Frameworks like these can make the entire project easier to be maintained. Learning to use these frameworks is easy. All you need to do is download it, import it into your project, read the documents, and use the frameworks’ library functions.
Top Mobile App Development Frameworks of 2020 are-
Ruby on Rails
Mobile Angular UI
Android is the OS that dominates the world of mobile app development. Having a correct Android app development framework can help the developers create a unique app and grow the business. The top 5 Android app development frameworks are-
Cross-platform frameworks are used to save time & money and reach a broader audience. It enables developers to code once and runs on both Android & iOS platforms. The top 5 cross-platform app development frameworks are-
PhoneGap and Cordova
Flutter is Google’s framework for creating mobile apps. It enables the developers to use a single codebase for the creation of native iOS and Android apps. Flutter is the complete SDK that contains everything a developer requires for cross-platform mobile app development.
Both Titanium and Corona are cross-platform development frameworks. Corona is well-suited for creating gaming applications. On the other hand, Titanium is best suited for creating apps that can fetch data from the backend server or web.
The difference between a framework and a library is confusing as it depends on the package that the developers decide. The library makes you in charge of the flow of the app while, on the other hand, the framework is in charge of the flow.