Next JS vs Node JS – Choosing the Right Techstack for Your Project

Last Updated
Next JS vs Node JS

Are you considering a reliable JavaScript tool to build applications? When navigating through the multitude of options available, it’s essential to compare Next JS vs Node JS. These two frameworks are highly popular choices for streamlined development. In this article, we delve into the Next.js vs Node.js conversation, providing detailed insights for your consideration.

Let us first understand the two frameworks/runtime in detail.

What is Node.js?

Node.js is an open-source JavaScript runtime environment that is capable of running on most platforms, including Linux, Windows, Unix, macOS, and more. The popular framework runs on a V8 Javascript code outside a web browser and allows developers to generate code for server-side.

Node.js is free and is a complete stack environment that segregates coding capabilities into nodes. It is important to note that Node.js is referred to as a run time and not really a framework or a language, as it provides an environment to run a particular Javascript code.

In the development of both iOS and Android, Node.js acts as an event-driven, non-blocking IO model, making it very suitable for real-time, data-intensive applications. It is this single-threaded model that allows it to handle concurrent connections, making it more efficient, less time-consuming, and easy on the server.

Companies that use Node JS

Here is a list of leading companies that leverage Node.js to power their businesses, ensuring high performance and speed:

  • Netflix 
  • NASA
  • Trello
  • Speed
  • PayPal
  • LinkedIn
  • eBay
  • Walmart
  • Uber
  • Twitter
  • Yahoo 

Node JS Advantages 

Key advantages of the run time model are given below: 

  • Non-blocking IO model: Since node.js can run on a single thread, it delivers high performance, better productivity, and code flexibility.
  • Event-driven IO model: Its event-oriented IO model comes in handy when building real-time data-intensive applications/
  • Selective scalability: One can build big immersive applications such as mobile games, leisure, banking, or other apps that intend to be lightweight and yet scalable.
  • Fast processing by NPM: Node.js enables fast processing by breaking code down into smaller, cohesive, manageable bits, which further improves UI/UX processes. It does so by its inbuilt Node Package Manager or NPM.
  • Plug-and-play interoperability: The plug-and-play interoperability of Node.js contributes to speed and performance in the application being built. This is further enhanced by its single-thread architecture.
  • Pre-packaged alternatives: Node.js has a rich package management library with many open-supply alternatives that further reduce developmental costs.

Disadvantages of Node.js

Node.js delivers on scalability and interoperability because of its single-threaded loop architecture. While this architecture is beneficial in many ways, it also has its drawbacks. Here are a few disadvantages of the framework that must be kept in mind while choosing between the two frameworks.

  • Performance bottleneck: Developmental tasks that require a lot of CPU power are hindered because of Node.js single-threaded loop architecture. Since Node.js works on a single thread to handle all requests, the computational power required is quite high, which affects other tasks and hinders performance in the process.
  • Decreased processing power: Another drawback of Node.js is the decreased processing power of single thread nature. This impacts the efficiency of the application and diminishes the productivity of the development process.
  • Challenges in scaling: While Node.js excels in handling concurrent connections, it does not exactly support vertical scaling. Its single-thread architecture hinders the developers from making the best of multi-core processors’ capabilities and advantages.

Bonus Read: Node.js vs React.js

What is Next.js?

Next.js is a free, open-source framework for crafting server-side React applications. It was developed by Vercel and provides a comprehensive set of tools and features for building high-performance, scalable, and optimized web applications. 

Next.js follows the best practices and conventions for the development of web applications. It follows and supports almost every rendering technique, thus making it a versatile framework for developers. Next.js also integrates with React to create stellar single-page applications.

Companies that Use Next JS

The companies listed below are just a few examples of powerhouses that utilize Next.js for optimal results:

  • Nike
  • Hulu
  • Binance
  • JobTatkal
  • Twitch
  • TikTok
  • Vercel 

Next JS Advantages

Here are a few benefits that Next.js brings to the table:

  • Built-in CSS: When using Next.js, CSS information can easily be imported from a JS source. This reduces overwriting by leaps and bounds and reduces the time taken to code.
  • Optimization of images: The latest version of Next.js provides users with automatic image optimization and its components.
  • Another excellent capability of Next.js is automatic code splitting with the help of route segments.
  • TypeScript support: Next.js has excellent support for TypeScript, allowing developers to write type-safe code, catch errors early, and improve code maintainability.
  • API routes: Next.js allows you to create API routes alongside your pages, making it easy to build backend functionality within the same project, which simplifies deployment and reduces overhead.

Disadvantages of Next.js

While Next.js is a versatile and developer-friendly framework, it does not come without its demerits. Some of its notable disadvantages include:

  • Limited routing options: Next.js employs basic page-based routing options, which are convenient for building simple applications but require much more code for complex applications.
  • Is a rigid framework: Next.js is a rigid framework, which means that it limits the developer from thinking outside the box when it comes to integrating features.
  • High skill set required: React is a very common javascript, of which Next.js is an extension. This calls for highly professional and skilled programmers to code in the language.

Next JS vs Node JS: What are the Differences?

Both are excellent Javascript-based frameworks for development, and they operate at different levels of the web development stack. They serve different purposes and are used in projects of varying scope.

Here are the key differences between Next.js vs Node.js, two widely used technologies in web development.

Purpose and Scope

  • Node.js allows users to execute JavaScript code on the server side. It provides a platform for building various types of server-side applications, including web servers, APIs, microservices, and command-line tools.
  • Next.js, on the other hand, is a React framework and is predominantly used for building server-side rendered (SSR) and statically generated (SSG) web applications. It is specifically designed for creating client-side web applications using React. React further enables server-side rendering with built-in support and other optimizations.


  • In Node.js, Javascript code is executed outside of a web browser offered by Node.js. It has tools for managing input/output(I/O) tasks, including network queries, file access, and event-driven programming via the Node.js event loop.
  • On the other hand, Next.js extends the capabilities of Node.js and React to enable the development of web apps. It has functions like routing, code splitting automatically, server-side rendering, and compatibility with TypeScript.


  • Node.js is used for a myriad of applications, including backend development, server-side scripting, building APIs, and developing command-line tools.
  • Next.js is majorly used for client-side web applications with other server-side rendering capabilities. It is more convenient to build SEO-friendly, performance-optimized web applications and websites.

Development Paradigm

The two frameworks can also be differentiated on the server to handle requests from clients, process data, and generate responses.

  • On the one hand, Next.js combines server-side rendering with client-side JavaScript execution, providing a hybrid development paradigm. This particular paradigm allows developers to render components of React on the server side before executing the code.
  • On the other hand, Node.js is a JavaScript runtime. It is an environment for executing server-side code, which provides a holistic platform cum environment for server-side JS execution. 

Code organization and file structure

  • Next.js is also different from Node.js in terms of code organization and file structure. It has a predefined set of rules and folders for codes. It employs components and manages the simplest assets, routes, and stylesheets. 
  • Node.js, being a runtime environment, does not come with any such predefined code organization structure, giving more flexibility in crafting the application according to their own needs.

Node JS vs Next JS: Comparison Table

Here is a table that further illustrates the differences between Next JS vs Node JS: 

Framework/RuntimeNext.js is a React framework built on top of Node.js, used for server-rendered applications.Node.js is a JavaScript runtime environment for executing JavaScript code server-side.
Server-Side RenderingNext.js provides built-in support for server-side rendering (SSR) and static site generation (SSG).Node.js does not inherently support SSR or SSG but can be used with frameworks like Express.js for SSR.
RoutingFile-based routing, routes are defined by file structure.Requires additional packages or frameworks like Express.js for routing.
Code SplittingAutomatic code splitting support.Code splitting needs to be implemented manually.
TypeScript SupportBuilt-in TypeScript support.Supports TypeScript, but additional configuration is needed.
API RoutesAllows the creation of API routes within the application.API routes need to be explicitly defined using frameworks like Express.js.
MiddlewareMiddleware support for handling requests and responses.Middleware is commonly used in frameworks like Express.js.
Development ToolsProvides development tools like hot module replacement (HMR) and automatic code reloading.Tools like Nodemon are commonly used for automatic server restarts during development.
Static Site GenerationSupports static site generation, enabling pre-rendering of pages at build time.Can be used for static site generation but requires additional tooling and setup.
SEOBuilt-in support for SSR and SSG helps improve SEO.SEO optimization requires manual implementation of SSR or SSG.
Learning CurveRelatively low learning curve, especially for React developers.Higher learning curve, especially for beginners due to server-side concepts.
Community SupportGrowing community with various plugins and extensions.Large and mature community with extensive documentation.

This comparison table offers a detailed analysis of Next.js and Node.js, emphasizing their respective advantages and drawbacks across various dimensions of web development.

Bonus Read: Next JS vs React

Next.js vs Node.js: Choosing the Right One

Next JS is a relatively new framework compared to Node.js. Here are a few pointers that can further help you understand better what to choose in the Next JS vs Node JS dilemma

  • Next.js is a viable option when the aim is to build server-rendered React components, static React websites, or SSR applications, simple or otherwise.
  • It is also the better option for building SEO-friendly and dynamic websites with a strong focus on the user interface.

On the other hand, one must opt for Node.js for development when

  • Real-time applications need to be built.
  • The development project requires microservices architecture as Node.js is versatile in this particular model.
  • Building RESTful APIs or GraphQL endpoints. Node.js, coupled with other frameworks such as Express.js, offers a powerful combination for web development.

A reliable Node JS development company or a Next JS development company can help users make the right decision after carefully understanding project needs and features. Node.js and Next.js can also be integrated with various other developmental tools. Given below is tool compatibility with both of these frameworks.

Tools That Can be Integrated with Next.js 

  • Next.js Official Documentation
  • React Query
  • Imgx
  • React
  • Material-UI
  • Strapi
  • imgix
  • Sanity
  • Builder
  • DatoCMS

Tools That Can be Integrated with Node.js 

  • ExpressJS
  • Sentry
  • WebStorm
  • CircleCI
  • Datadog
  • Material-UI
  • Dotenv
  • Swagger UI
  • Meteor
  • SinonJS

Wrapping Up: Next JS vs Node JS 

While there are many alternatives to these two frameworks/runtime( Angular, Gatsby, Nuxt.js, React, G/O, Hugo, KOA, NET Core, Sapper to name a few), Next.js and Node.js have many notable USPs which makes it preferred choice of framework.

In the end, both the framework/runtime offer great solutions and tools when it comes to web development. The decision to choose between the two is dependent on multiple factors such as scoop, functionality, features that the developers wish to include, and more.

Many development companies offer such services, but few rise up to the occasion of delivering consistent services. OpenXcell, on the contrary, is an excellent NextJS and NodeJS Development Company that offers robust Next.js and Node.js solutions.

Book free consultation with experts

FAQs: Node JS vs Next JS

What is Node.js?

  • Node.js is an open-source JavaScript runtime environment that is capable of running on most platforms, including Linux, Windows, Unix, macOS, and more.

What is Next.js?

  • Next.js is a free, open-source framework for crafting server-side React applications. It was developed by Vercel and provides a comprehensive set of tools and features for building high-performance, scalable, and optimized web applications. 

How are the two different from each other?

  • Node.js is a runtime, whereas Next.js is a framework. Node.js is an environment for the development of applications, while Next.js is a framework that employs React components in the development of applications. It also differs in scope, functionality, and usage. 

Which is better for developing real-time applications?

  • In the Next JS vs. Node JS comparison, this is quite a popular query. While both Node.js and Next.js are used to build real-time applications, they have their own unique strengths and demerits. One should opt for Next.js if they are looking for built-in support for SSR or server-side rendering and go for Node.js when looking for scalability and fast results. One can also employ Next.js if one wants to make the best use of React components.

Get Quote

Samragyi Chamoli

Zealous, enthusiastic, and consistent, Samragyi is an ardent reader and an experienced writer. She loves animals and adventure.


Software Development - Step by step guide for 2024 and
beyond | OpenXcell

Learn everything about Software Development, its types, methodologies, process outsourcing with our complete guide to software development.

Headless CMS - The complete guide for 2024 | OpenXcell

Learn everything about Headless CMS along with CMS, its types, pros & cons as well as use cases, and real-life examples in a complete guide.

Mobile App Development - Step by step guide for 2024 and beyond | OpenXcell

Building your perfect app requires planning and effort. This guide is a compilation of best mobile app development resources across the web.

DevOps - A complete roadmap for software transformation | OpenXcell

What is DevOps? A combination of cultural philosophy, practices, and tools that integrate and automate between software development and the IT operations team.



Do you know about the shift happening in the Ecommerce industry?  Businesses are bidding goodbye to traditional platforms and adopting headless Ecommerce platforms. Don’t believe our words? Then consider these…

11 Contemporary Headless Ecommerce Platforms One Must Know – 2024

In the past decade, blockchain and crypto experts have experienced a profound transformation due to the popularity of cryptocurrencies. It is projected that the global crypto wallet market will grow…

How to Create a Crypto Wallet?: A Step-by-Step Guide

Looking for a healthcare professional? Try Teladoc. Need help tracking your daily medicine dose manually? Well, Medisafe is the answer for you. Want to take better care of your physical…

13 Healthcare Apps Making Medical Care & Wellness Future-Ready